Daniel here! Today, I’ll be discussing something many Swedish learners find difficult.
The English word think corresponds to three Swedish verbs: tycka, tänka, and tro, something that likely causes confusion for non-native speakers. It can be tricky because the translation of the verbs can sometimes overlap each other. However, it’s not as complex as it might sound, but takes time and practice to get used to. In this post, I will clarify when and how to use these words.
Use this verb when you want to express your personal opinion about something.
Example: Jag tycker choklad smakar gott. I think chocolate tastes good. (Your opinion is that chocolate tastes good.)
Example 2: Jag tycker du ska komma hem. I think you should come home. (Your opinion is that the person should come home.)
If the preposition om is added, the word then simply refers to the state of liking something.
Example: Jag tycker om choklad. I like chocolate.
Use this verb when you want to express that you are thinking, or a specific action you intend to take.
Example: Tyst! Jag försöker tänka. Quiet! I’m trying to think.
Example 2: Jag tänker åka utomlands. I intend to go abroad.
Example 3: Jag tänker ta en dush nu. I’m going to take a shower now.
Similar to tycka, adding a preposition changes the expression. I’ve used the preposition om here, which then gives tänka a meaning similar to the English word “imagine”.
Example: Tänk om vi vinner på lotto. Imagine if we win the lottery.
Another preposition you can use is på. In this case it means to think about someone or something.
Example: Jag tänker på dig. I’m thinking about you.
Tro is related to the English believe, suppose, presume, and guess, depending on context. A hint of opinion is involved, but it’s mainly a belief or a guess in regards to something you are not sure about. Imagine a scenario in which you are going to the cinema with a friend. You have read reviews, watched the trailers, but you can’t have an opinion about the film until you have watched it.
Example: Jag tror filmen är bra. I think the film is good.
Once you’ve watched the film, you will have an opinion and therefore use the verb tycker instead.
Swedes love to talk about the weather, so you could also think of this verb as the “weather word”, as it’s always used to predict the weather in a conversation.
Example 2: Jag tror det blir vackert väder i morgon. I think (believe) the weather will be beautiful tomorrow.
Once the next day arrives, you will have an opinion on the weather when you look out the window, and therefore use tycker.
The most common preposition to use with tro is på, and is always followed by the object you believe in.
Example: Jag tror på dig. I believe in you.
I hope this has clarified some confusions about how to use these words. But remember to not get too frustrated with them, it takes a little bit of time to get used to the distinction between them.
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Ha det gött!