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‘Kom hit!’ About adverbs of location and direction

kom hit

The problem with ‘här’ and ‘hit’

When you start learning Swedish, you soon learn the word for here: här.

Jag bor här. I live here.

But then, after a while, you may notice that Swedes never say Kom här! for Come here! Instead, we say Kom hit! Why on earth do we not say här!?

The word here is an adverb. In Swedish, we have some adverbs that will differ slightly if they are in the context of a location or a direction.

Här and hit both mean here, but här indicates a location and hit indicates a direction. Likewise, där and dit both mean there, but där indicates a location and dit indicates a direction.

 

How to know if it’s location (här) or direction (hit)

The form used depends on what verb is used with it. We have some verbs that indicate location, and some that indicate direction. Therefore, if you know which ones these are, you can easily tell if you should use for example här or hit.

Here are some common verbs that indicate location:

är am/are/is

bor live

sover sleep

jobbar work

studerar study

ligger lie

sitter sit

står stand

parkerar park

As you can see from this list, there is not a lot of movement going on here. They are all still, so to speak, in one place. This is because they indicate a location. With any of these verbs, you would therefore use här and där (and not hit or dit). For example:

Jag arbetar här. I work here. Micke bor där. Micke lives there.

Here are some verbs that indicate direction:

åker/reser travel

flyger fly

kör drive

cyklar cycle

kommer come

går go, walk

hittar find your way

Because these verbs indicate direction, you need to use hit and dit. For example:

Lars flyger hitLars flies here. Hon cyklar ditShe is cycling there.

And of course, this applies to all forms of the verbs (present, past, infinitive and so on).

 

More adverbs of location and direction

Some of you may already know that this doesn’t just happen for the words for here and there, but there are more adverbs that change depending on location or direction verbs. And there are also another set for origin (movement away from something). Click HÄR 🙂 to download a cheat sheet with all these adverbs. Perfect to print and put up somewhere where you’ll see them every day.

Practice

Now that you know the difference between location and direction, based on the verbs, can you fill in the correct adverbs into these 3 sentences?

1 (hem, hemma)

a Jag jobbar ______ den här veckan.

b Vilken tid kommer du ______?

2 (hit, här)

a Jag älskar den här restaurangen, vi går ______ nästa helg också!

b Jag är _______. Var är du?

3 (dit, där)

a Jag var på Skansen i helgen. Har du varit _______?

b Lisa: Hur åker ni till Arlanda flygplats? Anna: Vi tar nog bussen _______.

 

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Dr Anneli Beronius Haake

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Founder & Director, Author and Course Creator. Music maker & Dog Lover.

Anneli Beronius Haake

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